German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Libyan dissident Marshal Khalifa Haftar on Tuesday to comply with the agreements adopted at the Berlin Conference to advance the political process in the war-torn country, including a lasting ceasefire.
The German leader met this Tuesday with Haftar and expressed the impossibility of a “military solution” for Libya, in addition to insisting on the need to proceed with the implementation of the agreements signed at the Berlin Conference that took place on January 19 , announced Government spokesman Steffen Seibert.
On the occasion, the German chancellor managed to gather delegations from a dozen countries involved in the conflict. Russian Presidents Vladimir Putin, Turkish, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, French, Emmanuel Macron, and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, in addition to senior representatives of the United States, European Union, UN, Arab League and African Union were present.
In the German capital, the Prime Minister of the National Accord Government, Fayez al-Sarraj – recognized by the UN and supported by Turkey and Italy – and Khalifa Haftar, who counts as the United Arab Emirates as allies, also attended the event. United States, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and with the help of France and Russia.
At the conference, the countries present agreed on respect for the UN arms embargo and an end to support for parties involved in the protracted Libyan conflict, which should be pressured to achieve a total ceasefire. However, violations of the arms embargo by several countries, including Europeans, persisted and fighting continued.
In February, and at the initiative of Germany, a conference was held in Munich to monitor the agreement, at the level of foreign ministers.
However, the poor results of the Berlin agreements were confirmed on March 2, with the resignation of the UN envoy to Libya, the Lebanese academic Ghassan Salamé, after two more years of attempts to mediate the conflict.
The announcement of Salamé's departure came at a crucial moment, when new negotiations between the parties involved in the Libyan civil war were mediating in Geneva.
The UN representative had previously warned that the process was in danger due to the resurgence of attacks by Haftar's forces.
The dissident marshal's troops control a considerable part of Libyan territory, including most of its oil reserves.
Libya has entered a cycle of violence since the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi's regime in late 2011, following an internal rebellion supported by aerial military intervention by the United States, the United Kingdom and France.
The current civil war has been going on since 2015 and worsened in April 2019, following the offensive unleashed by Haftar forces towards Tripoli, the capital, where the National Agreement Government (GAN) is installed.
According to estimates, this offensive and the fighting between the various forces in presence have already claimed 1,500 deaths, about 15,000 injured and more than 130,000 people have been forced to leave their homes, increasing the number of internally displaced persons.
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